In His Own Image …
The creatures sent not only storm, hail, deluge, or gentle rain and fair weather, but also an invisible entity which made its presence known whenever our ancestors imagined a dead relative, dreamed of a ferocious beast that gratefully disappeared when they woke up, or the scent of a flower that wasn’t there. In other words, the powerful imagery of our ancestors’ mind was associated with another form of a mighty invisible creature — a force or a spirit — that was present everywhere. This force exists in almost all societies. In the South Sea Islands, they call it mana; the Latins experienced numia in sacred groves; Arabs felt that the landscape was populated by the jinn. (See here page 4.)
Priests Were Scientists Were Priests
On the other hand, the Egyptian and Babylonian priests’ observation of the sky, which was motivated by the intention to persuade their gods to bestow upon the earthly population health, prosperity, and long life, seemed to lead to little result, despite multitude of adjustments and fine-tuning of the idols and higher and higher price tags attached to the gifts and sacrifices intended for the gods.